New publication now available: Jierong Liang, Marvin Masche, Kurt Engelbrecht, Christian R.H. Bahl (2022) Harmonic analysis of temperature profiles of active caloric regenerators, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Volume 190,122694, ISSN 0017-9310,

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Abstract: The design of a thermal regenerator is initially carried out by considering the fundamental influencing variables. For novel solid-state cooling systems using active caloric regenerators, the non-linearity of the coupled phenomena of material properties, heat transfer, and hydraulic flow can complicate the interpretation of experimental and simulated results. Based on the boundary conditions of a sinusoidal magnetic field and fluid flow, we elucidate the operation of active regenerators by deriving easy-to-manage analytical expressions for the temperature transients of the caloric materials and heat transfer fluid. An internal temperature measurement system with an estimated uncertainty of ±0.3 K for packed bed regenerators has been developed for validation. The derived expressions have acceptable accuracy relative to the experimental and numerical results for temperature profiles in both magnitude and sensitivity, where average and maximum errors are ∼10% and ∼15%, respectively. Useful figures of merit are post-calculated using the derived temperature profiles. We found that the average temperature profiles are linear for passive regenerators and nonlinear for active regenerators, and their transients are nonlinear functions of the configuration and operating parameters.

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